Intellectual Property Law Firm
Patents, Trademarks & Copyrights
Law Office of Ashkan Najafi, P.A.
Telephone: 904-296-0055
Fax: 904-296-0056

Mailing Address:
PO Box 551100
Jacksonville, FL 32255-1100

Physical Address:
822 A1A North, Suite 310
Ponte Vedra Beach, FL 32082

The founder of the firm — Ashkan Najafi — is a degreed engineer and registered patent attorney licensed to practice before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Mr. Najafi brings over a decade of patent, trademark and copyright experience to his law practice. His knowledge and understanding of intellectual property acquisition, enforcement and maintenance are invaluable to his clients. Based on Mr. Najafi's legal experience, he advises clients about common pitfalls related to patent, trademark and copyright legal matters.
Ashkan Najafi
Registered Patent Attorney
Whether you are an established business or a novice independent inventor, you should take the necessary steps to protect your intellectual property before a competitor misappropriates it. Generally speaking, patents, trademarks, copyrights and trade secrets allow you to protect your intellectual property and maintain a competitive commercial advantage over competitors. The USPTO and USCO grant federal rights for intellectual property, which can be enforced to seek declaratory, injunctive and monetary relief via the U.S. court system. Intellectual property rights granted via a U.S. federal agency are restricted to U.S. territories and cannot be enforced in foreign territories. Each foreign territory has separate intellectual property laws that govern how intellectual property rights can be obtained and enforced. Therefore, if you believe you will have a business presence in a foreign territory, you should discuss your business goals with an intellectual property attorney. After discussing your specific facts and business goals, the attorney can help you determine whether foreign intellectual property protection is proper for your situation. Time is of the essence when applying for intellectual property protection. Procrastination may negatively affect your ability to properly protect your intellectual property.


Patents, trademarks, copyrights and trade secrets are four areas of intellectual property law protecting proprietary subject matter. Patenting an invention at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) gives the patent owner the exclusive right to exclude others from making, using and selling the patented invention over a specified period of time. Registering a word, logo, color or sound on the federal register at the USPTO grants a trademark owner the right to exclude others from using a similar mark that is likely to cause confusion. Copyright protection is administered by the U.S. Copyright Office (USCO) and exists in original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression.

Copyrights give the holder some exclusive rights to control some reproduction of works of authorship such as music, literary works, paintings, movies and sculptures for a certain period of time.

Patents give the holder an exclusive right to prevent third parties from commercially exploiting an invention for a certain period.

Trademarks are distinctive names, phrases, brand names, logos, sounds or colors used to identify products to consumers. 

Trade secrets may be secret proprietary information which gives a company a commercial advantage over others.


The Law Office of Ashkan Najafi, P.A. helps its clients understand and streamline the process of preparing and filing a patent application with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). In order to secure a patent, the USPTO requires an applicant to satisfy the new, useful and non-obvious requirements of 35 U.S.C. §112, et al. As a registered patent attorney, Mr. Najafi can help you satisfy such requirements by clearly distinguishing the advantages and benefits of your claimed subject matter compared to prior art references. Mr. Najafi has about a decade of experience drafting patent applications in various technology fields. During your free initial consultation, Mr. Najafi can explain whether patent protection is an appropriate option for protecting your intellectual property rights. Some examples of patentable subject matter include:

·         Mechanical arts

·         Electronic arts

·         Business method/software arts

·         International patent protection

International patent protection is also available for inventors who wish to protect their inventions outside of the United States. For example, you may wish to protect your invention in Canada, South America, Europe and/or the Far East. Such protection may be achieved by filing a patent application under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT).